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Diet for Meniere's Disease

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Food NameAlcoholCaffeineSodium
Butter, salted0.00714
Butter, whipped, with salt0.00827
Butter oil, anhydrous0.002
Cheese, blue0.001395
Cheese, brick0.00560
Cheese, brie0.00629
Cheese, camembert0.00842
Cheese, caraway  690
Cheese, cheddar0.00621
Cheese, cheshire  700
Cheese, colby0.00604
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd0.00364
Cheese, cottage, creamed, with fruit0.00344
Cheese, cottage, nonfat, uncreamed, dry, large or small curd0.00330
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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.







Meniere's Disease

information from the National Institutes of Health

Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear. It can cause severe dizziness, a roaring sound in your ears called tinnitus, hearing loss that comes and goes and the feeling of ear pressure or pain. It usually affects just one ear. It is a common cause of hearing loss.

Attacks of dizziness may come on suddenly or after a short period of tinnitus or muffled hearing. Some people have single attacks of dizziness once in a while. Others may have many attacks close together over several days. Some people with Meniere's disease have "drop attacks" during which the dizziness is so bad they lose their balance and fall.

Scientists don't yet know the cause. They think that it has to do with the fluid levels or the mixing of fluids in the canals of your inner ear. Doctors diagnose it based on a physical exam and your symptoms. A hearing test can check to see how it has affected your hearing.

There is no cure. Treatments include medicines to control dizziness, limiting salt in your diet, and taking water pills. A device that fits into the outer ear and delivers air pulses to the middle ear can help. Severe cases may require surgery.

Meniere's Disease and Nutrition

information from the National Institutes of Health

Ménière’s disease does not have a cure yet, but your doctor might recommend some of the treatments below to help you cope with the condition:

  • Salt restriction and diuretics. Limiting dietary salt and taking diuretics (water pills) help some people control dizziness by reducing the amount of fluid the body retains, which may help lower fluid volume and pressure in the inner ear.
  • Other dietary and behavioral changes. Some people claim that caffeine, chocolate, and alcohol make their symptoms worse and either avoid or limit them in their diet. Not smoking also may help lessen the symptoms.

Other Resources on Low Salt Diet for Managing Meniere's Disease


Mayo Clinic: Modifying your diet can reduce your body's fluid retention and help decrease fluid in your inner ear. Your doctor may suggest you follow these dietary changes to lessen the severity and frequency of Meniere's disease symptoms:

  • Limit salt. Consuming foods and beverages high in salt can increase fluid retention. Aim for 1,500 milligrams (mg) or less of sodium each day.
  • Avoid monosodium glutamate (MSG). Some prepackaged food products and prepared restaurant foods contain MSG, a type of sodium. MSG can contribute to fluid retention.
  • Avoid caffeine. Foods and beverages that contain caffeine, such as chocolate, coffee, tea and certain soft drinks, have stimulant properties that can make symptoms worse. For instance, caffeine may make ringing in the ear (tinnitus) louder.

Read Lifestyle and Home Remedies for Meniere's disease at Mayo Clinic's website.


University of Maryland Medical Center:The mainstay of treatment is directed towards attempts to decrease the fluid pressure in the inner ear. This is done by aggressive salt-restriction, sometimes in combination with a diuretic ("water pill"). A diuretic alone will not overcome the inner ear's ability to retain salt, so this medication should be reserved for patients in whom salt-restriction alone is insufficient. It is important not to decrease salt intake too much, as sodium is an essential mineral for the body to function. However, in practice this is not too much of a concern since most people find any sodium restriction to be a greater challenge than over-restriction. The goal is to reduce your daily sodium intake to 1500-2000 milligrams. This involves more than not sprinkling salt on your food. It requires diligence in precisely measuring your sodium intake from all sources by inspecting package labels and kitchen habits. Restaurant eating must usually be limited since it is difficult to accurately quantify sodium intake in that setting, and the foods are typically highly salted.

Read full article at University of Maryland Medical Center website: What is the treatment for Meniere's disease?


Lahey Hospital and Medical Center: When a strict low sodium diet is adhered to and a diuretic is taken reliably, the majority of patients can bring their disease under control and continue to lead normal lives. After 6 - 12 months, the body becomes sufficiently adapted to the low sodium diet so that the diuretic can be stopped. Strict adherence to the diet is necessary to maintain the Meniere's under control. There may still be an occasional attack, which may be treated by some of the other medications for Meniere's symptoms.

Read Therapy for Meniere's Disease at Lahey website.


Loyola University's School of Medicine: Following a proper diet is the key to management of Meniere’s disease. In fact, 80% of patients with Meniere’s disease can have their vertigo controlled if the follow a strict diet and take a daily water pill (or diuretic). We ask our patients to follow a special 1500 milligram sodium per day diet.

Read or download full article at Loyola University's Stritch School of Medicine: The Importance of Diet in Meniere’s Disease.

Our Sodium-Related Online Databases

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Foods to Avoid When You Have Meniere's Disease

Sodium content is in mg per 100 g of food weight.



Sodium (mg)
Foods to avoid to manage Meniere's disease

20491
Beef, broth, bouillon, or consomme, dry, not reconstituted

18586
Chicken broth, bouillion, or consomme, dry, not reconstituted

17152
Adobo fresco

9690
Jellyfish, pickled

8031
Onion soup, dry mix, not reconstituted

7720
Fish sauce (bagoong)

7027
Cod, dried, salted

7027
Fish, dried

6722
Vegetable soup, dry mix, not reconstituted

6722
Vegetarian bouillon, dry

5637
Soy sauce

4991
Fish moochim (Korean style), dried fish with soy sauce

4450
Mackerel, salted

3833
Teriyaki sauce

3728
Miso (fermented soybean paste)

3668
Anchovy, canned

3668
Anchovy, cooked

3600
Yeast extract spread

3333
Soy sauce, reduced sodium

3210
Plum, rock salt, dried

2959
Venison/deer jerky

2844
Fried green plantain, Puerto Rican style (Tostones)

2790
Beef, dried, chipped, uncooked

2695
Ham, prosciutto

2370
Tomato relish

2310
Pork, cracklings, cooked

2310
Bacon or side pork, fresh, cooked

2310
Bacon, cooked

2310
Pork bacon, smoked or cured, cooked


Sodium (mg)
Foods to avoid to manage Meniere's disease

2310
Pork bacon, NS as to fresh, smoked or cured, cooked

2285
Turkey bacon, cooked

2253
Beef, bacon, formed, lean meat added, cooked

2253
Beef, bacon, cooked

2213
Beef jerky

2213
Pork jerky

2170
Oyster-flavored sauce

2099
Pork bacon, formed, lean meat added, cooked

2095
Tomatoes, red, dried

2010
Salami, dry or hard

1967
Shrimp, dried

1844
Stewed codfish, Puerto Rican style

1838
Pork skin, rinds, deep-fried

1813
Stewed dried beef, Puerto Rican style (Tasajo guisado, carne cecina guisada)

1804
Cod, dried, salted, salt removed in water

1788
Pepperoni

1778
Teriyaki sauce, reduced sodium

1770
Bacon bits, meatless

1745
Papad (Indian appetizer), grilled or broiled

1709
Salad dressing, low calorie, oil-free

1700
Herring, dried, salted

1674
Miso sauce

1674
Eggplant, pickled

1654
Italian dressing, made with vinegar and oil

1615
Hoisin sauce

1610
Blue or roquefort cheese dressing, reduced calorie

1605
Chicken burritos (diet frozen meal)

1602
Cheese, Parmesan, hard

1600
Coleslaw dressing, reduced calorie

1587
Cheese, processed cheese product, American or Cheddar type, reduced fat

1586
Pickled sausage


Sodium (mg)
Foods to avoid to manage Meniere's disease

1556
Olives, green

1546
Pork bacon, smoked or cured, cooked, lean only eaten

1546
Canadian bacon, cooked

1545
Scrambled eggs with jerked beef, Puerto Rican style (Revoltillo de tasajo)

1540
Protein powder

1529
Cheese, Parmesan, dry grated

1528
Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type, nonfat or fat free

1525
Shrimp teriyaki (shrimp with soy-based sauce) (mixture)

1520
Mackerel, pickled

1517
Squid, pickled

1500
Smoked link sausage, pork

1500
Roe, sturgeon

1500
Smoked sausage, pork

1490
Meal replacement or nutritional supplement, Cambridge diet formula, powdered, nonfat milk solids base, dry, not reconstituted

1489
Cheese, processed, American and Swiss blends

1488
Wheat sticks, 100% whole wheat

1465
Bacon strip, meatless

1451
Biscuit, baking powder or buttermilk type, made from refrigerated dough, lowfat

1450
Steak sauce, tomato-base

1442
Ham, smoked or cured, cooked

1442
Ham, smoked or cured, cooked, lean and fat eaten

1441
Frankfurter or hot dog, turkey

1439
Beef, bacon, cooked, lean only eaten

1430
Cheese, processed, Swiss, lowfat

1430
Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type, lowfat

1428
Cheese, processed, with vegetables

1426
Cream cheese dressing

1421
Italian dressing, reduced calorie

1413
Beef, sliced, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat

1404
Pretzels, soft


Sodium (mg)
Foods to avoid to manage Meniere's disease

1401
Cracker, sandwich-type, cheese-filled

1395
Cheese, Blue or Roquefort

1394
Luncheon loaf (olive, pickle, or pimiento)

1385
Pork roast, smoked or cured, cooked

1385
Pork roast, smoked or cured, cooked, lean and fat eaten

1385
Frankfurter or hot dog, chicken

1379
Creamy dressing made with sour cream and/or buttermilk and oil, low calorie

1379
Creamy dressing, made with sour cream and/or buttermilk and oil, diet

1374
Bologna, Lebanon

1370
Vienna sausage, chicken, canned

1370
Cheese, processed, Swiss

1366
Italian dressing, low calorie

1364
Shrimp chips (tapioca base)

1357
Pretzels, hard

1357
Pretzels

1345
Imitation cheese, American or cheddar type

1345
Cheese spread, Swiss cheese base

1345
Cheese spread, pressurized can

1345
Cheese spread, American or Cheddar cheese base

1345
Dip, cheese base other than cream cheese

1345
Cheese spread

1340
Olives, green, stuffed

1338
Tomato chili sauce (catsup-type)

1330
Ham and pork, luncheon meat, chopped, minced, pressed, spiced, canned

1329
Veal loaf

1327
Pork roast, smoked or cured, cooked, lean only eaten

1327
Ham, smoked or cured, cooked, lean only eaten

1325
Vegetable broth, bouillon

1320
Honey loaf

1313
Ham, luncheon meat, chopped, minced, pressed, spiced, not canned

1313
Octopus, dried

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