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Iodine Deficiency

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1473 foods found. Choose nutrition data to display in the OPTIONS section.
Food NameIodine
Cream of tartar0
Spinach, dried17
Mushroom, dried36
Seaweed, nori, dried, raw1470
Cabbage, dried18
Soya mince, granules17
Yeast extract49
Microdiet powder150
Instant drinks powder, chocolate, low calorie178
Soya beans, dried, raw6
Cambridge Diet powder131
Yogurt powder160
Dried skimmed milk150
Potato flour13
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Iodine

Iodine is a trace element found in seawater and soil. It enters the food chain through plants that grow in iodine-rich soil, or through fish or plants from the sea. Iodine is needed for the normal metabolism of cells. Metabolism is the process of converting food into energy. Humans need iodine for normal thyroid function, and for the production of thyroid hormones.

Iodine Deficiency

A new British Thyroid Association study suggests that the UK is now iodine-deficient. These findings are consistent with a fall in iodine status recently reported in Australia and the US. Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of preventable mental impairment worldwide. The World Health Organization has made iodine deficiency a global priority and has been campaigning for at-risk countries to add iodine to their salt.

Iodine Deficiency and Goiter

There are several causes of goiter, which is a swollen thyroid gland. The thyroid gland (a gland in the neck that produces hormones) needs iodine to help manufacture thyroid hormones (chemicals released into the bloodstream that control the body's growth and metabolism). If your body does not receive enough iodine, your thyroid gland becomes underactive, and will expand in order to produce more thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency used to be the major cause of goiters, but it is now rare due to changes in our diet. It remains a significant problem in parts of the developing world.

Iodine Deficiency and Pregnancy

Iodine deficiency is especially important in women who are pregnant or nursing their infants. Severe iodine deficiency in the mother has been associated with miscarriages, stillbirth, preterm delivery, and congenital abnormalities in their babies. Children of mothers with severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy can have mental retardation and problems with growth, hearing, and speech.

RDA for Iodine

The US Institute of Medicine has set the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for iodine in adult men and women at 150 μg per day. Individuals who add tablet salt to their food regularly should use iodized salt. One teaspoon of iodized salt contains approximately 400 μg iodine.
The RDA is 220 μg iodine per day for pregnant women and 290 μg iodine per day for breastfeeding women. Because the effects of iodine deficiency are most severe in pregnant women and their babies, the American Thyroid Association has recommended that all pregnant and breastfeeding women in the U.S. and Canada take a prenatal multivitamin containing 150 μg iodine per day.

Iodine Databases

Iodine Food Sources

Iodine content is in μg per 100 g of food weight.


Iodine
Iodine-Rich Food Sources

440670
Seaweed, kombu, dried, raw

16830
Seaweed, wakame, dried, raw

1470
Seaweed, nori, dried, raw

400
Shrimps, dried

340
Haddock, smoked, steamed

330
Haddock, in flour, fried in dripping

330
Haddock, in flour, fried in blended oil

330
Haddock, in flour, fried in sunflower oil

320
Haddock, grilled

310
Fish paste

300
Haddock, grilled, weighed with bones

290
Haddock, in flour, fried in blended oil, weighed with bones and skin

290
Haddock, in flour, fried in dripping, weighed with bones and skin

290
Haddock, in flour, fried in sunflower oil, weighed with bones and skin

260
Haddock, steamed

260
Haddock, smoked, raw

250
Mullet, Grey, grilled

250
Haddock, raw

250
Haddock, smoked, poached

250
Haddock, coated in crumbs, frozen, fried in blended oil

230
Haddock, poached

230
Haddock, smoked, poached, weighed with bones and skin

220
Haddock, steamed, weighed with bones and skin

220
Haddock, smoked, steamed, weighed with bones and skin

220
Haddock, frozen, raw

210
Haddock, coated in crumbs, frozen, raw

200
Eggs, chicken, dried

200
Haddock, coated in crumbs, frozen, fried in blended oil, weighed with bones and

192
Kedgeree

Iodine
Iodine-Rich Food Sources

190
Haddock, poached, weighed with bones

190
Mullet, Grey, raw

180
Mackerel, fried in blended oil

178
Instant drinks powder, chocolate, low calorie

170
Mackerel, grilled

165
Drinking chocolate powder

165
Drinking chocolate powder, reduced fat

161
Curry, haddock, Bengali

160
Yogurt powder

160
Cockles, boiled

160
Cockles, bottled in vinegar, drained

160
Ice cream bar, chocolate coated

150
Mackerel, grilled, weighed with bones and skin

150
Mackerel, smoked

150
Microdiet powder

150
Dried skimmed milk

140
Mussels, raw

140
Mackerel, raw

140
Eggs, chicken, yolk, raw

140
Mullet, Grey, grilled, weighed with bones and skin

131
Build-up powder, shake

131
Cambridge Diet powder

130
Mackerel, fried in blended oil, weighed with bones and skin

130
Cod, baked

130
Cod, frozen, grilled

128
Progress

124
Build-up powder, soup

120
Fish fingers, cod, fried in lard

120
Cod, smoked, poached

120
Fish fingers, cod, fried in sunflower oil

120
Chocolate, fancy and filled

Iodine
Iodine-Rich Food Sources

120
Mussels, boiled

120
Catfish, steamed

120
Cod, poached

120
Dried whole milk

120
Fish fingers, cod, fried in blended oil

110
Cod, raw

110
Chocolate biscuits, cream filled, full coated

110
Cod, steamed

110
Formula S Soya Food

110
Cod, smoked, raw

110
Cod, frozen, raw

110
Fish fingers, cod, frozen, raw

110
Cod, baked, weighed with bones and skin

110
Fish fingers, cod, grilled

105
White Cap SMA

100
Cod, poached, weighed with bones and skin

100
Crayfish, raw

100
Catfish, steamed, weighed with bones

100
Shrimps, boiled

100
Lobster, boiled

100
Shrimps, frozen

100
Mussels, canned and bottled, drained

92
Cod, steamed, weighed with bones and skin

90
Catfish, raw

89
Condensed milk, skimmed, sweetened

84
Lollies, containing ice-cream

81
Shrimps, canned in brine, drained

80
Eel, raw

80
Winkles, boiled

80
Sprats, fried

80
Whiting, steamed

Iodine
Iodine-Rich Food Sources

78
Gold Cap SMA

78
Fish fingers, economy, frozen

76
Salmon, pink, canned in brine, flesh and bones, drained

76
Salmon, red, canned in brine, flesh and bones, drained

75
Farley's Oster Milk Two

74
Minestrone soup, dried

74
Condensed milk, whole, sweetened

74
Whiting, steamed, weighed with bones and skin

72
Cheese, Parmesan, fresh

71
Wysoy

70
Kipper, baked

67
Whiting, raw

66
Mousse, chocolate, low fat

65
Red snapper, fried in sunflower oil

65
Crunch biscuits, cream filled

65
Red snapper, fried in blended oil

64
Sprats, raw

64
Pilchards, canned in tomato sauce

63
Pasta, plain, fresh, raw

63
Kipper, grilled

63
Yogurt, whole milk, plain

63
Eggs, chicken, fried, without fat

61
Complan powder, original and sweet

61
Farley's Oster Soy

61
Complan powder, savoury

60
Eggs, chicken, fried in vegetable oil

60
Oysters, raw

59
Salmon, red, canned in brine, flesh only, drained

59
Salmon, pink, canned in brine, flesh only, drained

59
Pizza, fish topped, takeaway

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