Hypokalemia Diet

potassium content of 8,000 foods & their BANANA EQUIVALENT

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Food NamePotassiumBanana Equiv.
Butter, salted240.1
Butter, whipped, with salt260.1
Butter oil, anhydrous50.0
Cheese, blue2560.7
Cheese, brick1360.4
Cheese, brie1520.4
Cheese, camembert1870.5
Cheese, caraway930.3
Cheese, cheddar980.3
Cheese, cheshire950.3
Cheese, colby1270.4
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd1040.3
Cheese, cottage, creamed, with fruit900.3
Cheese, cottage, nonfat, uncreamed, dry, large or small curd1370.4

Usage Note

  • Potassium values are in milligrams and calculated per 100g of food weight.
  • The BANANA Equivalent of a food is its potassium content in comparison with the potassium content of an average banana, food weights being the same.
    We introduce the concept of BANANA Equivalent to make potassium comparison between foods less abstract than just using potassium measurements in milligrams.
    For example, the BANANA Equivalent of Sun-dried tomatoes is 9.6. This means ounce for ounce, Sun-dried tomatoes has almost 10 times the potassium of banana.
    Similarly, Raw broccoli has .9 Banana Equivalent. That means, gram for gram, raw broccoli has 90% the potassium content of banana.

  • How much potassium is there in a banana?
    A small 6" to 7" banana (100 grams in weight) has about 360 mg of potassium. The dietary guideline for adults is to consume approximately 4,700 mg of potassium a day.
  • Click on column header to sort foods by name or by column's content.

Hypokalemia: Low potassium levels

Hypokalemia is a metabolic imbalance characterized by extremely low potassium levels in the blood. It is a symptom of another disease or condition, or a side effect of diuretic drugs. The body needs potassium for the contraction of muscles (including the heart), and for the functioning of many complicated proteins. The normal concentration of potassium in the body is regulated by the kidneys through the excretion of urine. When the kidneys are functioning normally, the amount of potassium in the diet is sufficient for use by the body and the excess is usually excreted through urine and sweat.

Hypokalemia: Causes

Possible causes of hypokalemia include:

  • Antibiotics (penicillin, nafcillin, carbenicillin, gentamicin, amphotericin B, foscarnet)
  • Diarrhea (including the use of too many laxatives, which can cause diarrhea)
  • Diseases that affect the kidneys' ability to retain potassium (Liddle syndrome, Cushing syndrome, hyperaldosteronism, Bartter syndrome, Fanconi syndrome)
  • Diuretic medications, which can cause excess urination
  • Eating disorders (such as bulimia)
  • Eating large amounts of licorice or using products such as herbal teas and chewing tobaccos that contain licorice made with glycyrrhetinic acid (this substance is no longer used in licorice made in the United States)
  • Magnesium deficiency
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting

Hypokalemia Symptoms

A small drop in potassium usually doesn't cause symptoms. However, a big drop in the level can be life threatening. Symptoms of hypokalemia include:

  • Abnormal heart rhythms (dysrhythmias), especially in people with heart disease
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle damage (rhabdomyolysis)
  • Muscle weakness or spasms
  • Paralysis (which can include the lungs)

Hypokalemia Treatment

Mild hypokalemia can be treated by taking potassium supplements by mouth. Persons with more severe cases may need to get potassium through a vein (intravenously).

Our Potassium-Related Online Databases

See our most complete directory of Potassium-Related Online Databases with nutrient databases from the US, UK, Canada, France, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, etc.

Our Renal Diet-Related Online Databases

Fruits with Relatively High Concentration of Potassium

Banana is often cited as a food with high potassium content. In comparison with other fruits, this is true. However, ounce for ounce, there are several fruits (e.g., avocado, tamarind, guava) or fruit products with higher concentration of potassium. A 100 grams of banana has approximately 360 milligrams of potassium. Below is a list of over 100 fruits with relatively high potassium content.
Potassium values are in milligrams per 100 grams of food weight.

Fruits High in Potassium Potassium

Papaya, dried 1702

Banana flakes, dehydrated 1491

Banana chips 1317

Apricot, dried, uncooked 1162

Lychee, dried (lychee nuts) 1110

Peach, dried, uncooked 996

Plum, rock salt, dried 950

Currants, dried 892

Fruit, dried (assume uncooked) 818

Raisins 749

Fruit mixture, dried (mixture includes three or more of the following: apples, apricots, dates, papaya, 746

peaches, pears, pineapples, prunes, raisins)

Prune, dried, uncooked 732

Fig, dried, uncooked 680

Orange juice, frozen, not reconstituted 674

Date 656

Tamarind, raw 628

Pineapple, dried 587

Tamarind pulp, dried, sweetened ("Pulpitas") 565

Pear, dried, uncooked 533

Avocado, raw 485

Guacamole 476

Mango, dried 454

Apple chips 454

Apple, dried, uncooked 450

Apple, dried, uncooked, low sodium 450

Guava, raw 417

Chutney 412

Apricot, dried, cooked, unsweetened 411

Fruits High in Potassium Potassium

Apricot, dried, cooked 411

Guacamole with tomatoes 393

Guacamole with tomatoes and chili peppers 392

Banana, chocolate-covered with nuts 382

Apricot, dried, cooked, with sugar 373

Banana, ripe, fried 362

Banana, baked 362

Banana, red, ripe (guineo morado) 358

Banana, Chinese, raw 358

Banana, white, ripe (guineo blanco maduro) 358

Banana, raw 358

Banana, apple, raw 358

Banana, red, fried 357

Fried dwarf banana with cheese, Puerto Rican style 354

Passion fruit, raw 348

Banana, ripe, boiled 322

Prune, dried, cooked, unsweetened 321

Prune, dried, cooked 321

Peach, dried, cooked, unsweetened 320

Peach, dried, cooked 320

Raisins, cooked 314

Kiwi fruit, raw 312

Prunes, baby food, strained 306

Fig, dried, cooked 294

Fig, dried, cooked, unsweetened 294

Prune, dried, cooked, with sugar 292

Peach, dried, cooked, with sugar 291

Bananas, baby food, strained 290

Rhubarb, raw 288

Ambrosia 283

Banana whip 282

Fruits High in Potassium Potassium

Passion fruit juice 278

Prune juice, unsweetened 276

Prune juice 276

Currants, raw 275

Prune juice, with sugar 271

Fig, dried, cooked, with sugar 268

Cantaloupe (muskmelon), raw 267

Cantaloupe, frozen (balls) 267

Guava shell (assume canned in heavy syrup) 267

Plums, bananas, and rice, baby food strained 265

Prune whip 264

Pomegranate, raw 259

Rhubarb, cooked or canned, unsweetened 259

Apricot, raw 259

Pear, dried, cooked, unsweetened 258

Pear, dried, cooked 258

Papaya, raw 257

Banana, batter-dipped, fried 244

Pear, dried, cooked, with sugar 235

Bananas with apples and pears, baby food, strained 233

Fig, raw 232

Orange and banana juice 232

Honeydew melon, raw 228

Honeydew, frozen (balls) 228

Cherries, sweet, raw (Queen Anne, Bing) 222

Fruit dessert 209

Nectarine, raw 201

Orange juice, freshly squeezed 200

Fruit salad, Puerto Rican style (Mixture includes bananas, papayas, oranges, grapefruit, etc.) 195

(Ensalada de frutas tropicales)

Mulberries, raw 194

Fruits High in Potassium Potassium

Orange juice, frozen (reconstituted with water) 192

Apricot, cooked or canned, unsweetened, water pack 192

Orange juice, frozen, with calcium added (reconstituted with water) 192

Orange juice 192

Grapes, European type, adherent skin, raw 191

Grapes, raw, NS as to type 191

Grapes, American type, slip skin, raw 191

Peach, raw 190

Kumquat, raw 186

Orange juice, baby food 184

Cassaba melon, raw 182

Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with salad dressing or mayonnaise 182

Tangelo, raw 181

Grapefruit and orange juice, fresh 181

Orange, raw 181

Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with cream 180

Fruit salad (excluding citrus fruits) with cream substitute 180

Fruit cocktail or mix (excluding citrus fruits), raw 179

Orange, sections, canned, juice pack 179

Tangerine juice 178

Tangerine juice, frozen (reconstituted with water) 178

Tangerine juice, canned, with sugar 178

Tangerine juice, canned 178

Prunes with oatmeal, baby food, strained 177

Ciruelas, baby food 177

Orange juice, canned, bottled or in a carton 175

Orange juice, with calcium added, canned, bottled or in a carton 175

Orange-carrot juice, baby food 174

Cherries, sour, red, raw 173

Peach, frozen, unsweetened 171

Lychee, raw 171