Fatty Liver Disease Diet

based on NIH guidelines. Fiber, Saturated Fat, Vitamin E and Calorie contents of 8,000 foods

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Food NameFiberVit. ESat. FatCalories
Milk, human0.00.082.0170
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole0.00.061.8760
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole, low-sodium0.00.062.1561
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, whole0.00.061.8660
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, 1% fat0.00.010.6342
Milk, calcium fortified, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat0.00.010.1235
Milk, cow's, fluid, other than whole ("lowfat")
Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat0.00.031.2650
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 1% fat0.00.010.6342
Milk, cow's, fluid, acidophilus, 2% fat0.00.031.2650
Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat0.00.010.6342
Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat0.00.010.1234
Milk, cow's, fluid, filled with vegetable oil0.00.133.1063

Nutrient Values

  • Nutrient contents are calculated per 100 grams of food weight.
  • Fiber and saturated fat are in grams.
  • Vitamin E values are in milligrams.

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Fatty Liver Disease

information from the National Institutes of Health

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH is a common, often “silent” liver disease. [Steatohepatitis: Fatty inflammation of the liver. Steato- refers to fat and -hepatitis to inflammation of the liver.] It resembles alcoholic liver disease, but occurs in people who drink little or no alcohol. The major feature in NASH is fat in the liver, along with inflammation and damage. Most people with NASH feel well and are not aware that they have a liver problem. Nevertheless, NASH can be severe and can lead to cirrhosis, in which the liver is permanently damaged and scarred and no longer able to work properly.

NASH affects 2 to 5 percent of Americans. An additional 10 to 20 percent of Americans have fat in their liver, but no inflammation or liver damage, a condition called “fatty liver.” Although having fat in the liver is not normal, by itself it probably causes little harm or permanent damage. If fat is suspected based on blood test results or scans of the liver, this problem is called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). If a liver biopsy is performed in this case, it will show that some people have NASH while others have simple fatty liver.

Both NASH and NAFLD are becoming more common, possibly because of the greater number of Americans with obesity. In the past 10 years, the rate of obesity has doubled in adults and tripled in children. Obesity also contributes to diabetes and high blood cholesterol, which can further complicate the health of someone with NASH. Diabetes and high blood cholesterol are also becoming more common among Americans.

NAFLD can be a precursor to NASH, which may progress to cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may also increase a patient’s risk of developing heart disease. A healthy liver helps the body remove harmful chemicals from the blood, fight infection and digest food. If too much scar tissue forms, the liver could fail. Then a liver transplant is required.

Diet for Fatty Liver Disease

  • Eat a healthy diet that's rich in fruits and vegetables.
  • Reduce the amount of saturated fat in your diet and instead select healthy unsaturated fats, such as those found in fish, olive oil and nuts.
  • Include whole grains in your diet, such as whole-wheat breads and brown rice.
  • Limit foods that are high in calories.
  • Eat foods that have fiber.

Our Liver Disease Nutrition Online Food Databases

nutrition recommendations are based on National Institutes of Health guidelines

Vitamin E helps diminish a type of fatty liver disease in children

A specific form of vitamin E improved the most severe form of fatty liver disease in some children, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. Results appear in the April 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. A previous study found vitamin E effective in some adults with the disease.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease among U.S. children. NAFLD ranges in severity from steatosis (fat in the liver without injury) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH (fat, inflammation, and liver damage). Fatty liver increases a child’s risk of developing heart disease and liver cirrhosis. The only way to distinguish NASH from other forms of fatty liver disease is with a liver biopsy. Weight loss may reverse the disease in some children, but other than dietary advice, there are no specific treatments. Excess fat in the liver is believed to cause injury by increasing levels of oxidants, compounds that damage cells.

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