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Campesterol Content of Foods

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Food NameCampesterol
Butter, salted0
Milk, reduced fat, fluid, 2% milkfat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, lowfat, fluid, 1% milkfat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, chocolate, fluid, commercial, reduced fat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, chocolate beverage, hot cocoa, homemade0
Butter, without salt0
Milk, reduced fat, fluid, 2% milkfat, without added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, fluid, 1% fat, without added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, chocolate, fluid, commercial, reduced fat, with added calcium0
Spices, poppy seed29
Babyfood, snack, GERBER GRADUATE YOGURT MELTS0
Babyfood, mashed cheddar potatoes and broccoli, toddlers0
Salad dressing, mayonnaise, regular39
Oil, soybean, salad or cooking62
12345678910

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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.





Campesterol

Campesterol is a phytosterol whose chemical structure is similar to that of cholesterol.

Many vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds contain campesterol, but in low concentrations. Banana, pomegranate, pepper, coffee, grapefruit, cucumber, onion, oat, potato, and lemon grass (citronella) are few examples of common sources containing campesterol at ~1-7 mg/100 g of the edible portion. In contrast canola and corn oil contain as much as 16-100 mg/100 g. Levels are variable and are influenced by geography and growing environment. In addition, different strains have different levels of plant sterols. A number of new genetic strains are currently being engineered with the goal of producing varieties high in campesterol and other plant sterols. It is also found in dandelion coffee.

Campesterol is so named because it was first isolated from the rapeseed (Brassica campestris). It is thought to have anti-inflammatory effects. It was demonstrated that it inhibits several pro-inflammatory and matrix degradation mediators typically involved in osteoarthritis-induced cartilage degradation.

Campesterol and Cardiovascular Diseases

It was first shown in the 1950s that plant sterols are beneficial in lowering LDLs and cholesterol. Since then, numerous studies have also reported the beneficial effects of the dietary intake of phytosterols, including campesterol.

It is thought that the campesterol molecules compete with cholesterol and thus reduces the absorption of cholesterol in the human intestine. Plant sterols may also act directly on intestinal cells and affect transporter proteins. In addition, there may be an effect on the synthesis of cholesterol transporting proteins in the liver cells through processes including cholesterol esterification and lipoprotein assembly, cholesterol synthesis, and apolipoprotein (apo) B100-containing lipoprotein removal.


Campesterol Food Sources

Campesterol content is in mg per 100 grams of food weight:



Campesterol
Campesterol Food Sources

241
Oil, canola

233
Oil, corn and canola

202
Oil, vegetable, Natreon canola, high stability, non trans, high oleic (70%)

189
Oil, corn, industrial and retail, all purpose salad or cooking

168
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, approximately 37% fat, unspecified oils, with salt, with added

vitamin D

112
Oil, flaxseed, contains added sliced flaxseed

98
Oil, flaxseed, cold pressed

75
Margarine, 80% fat, stick, includes regular and hydrogenated corn and soybean oils

75
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, stick, with salt

75
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, stick, with salt, with added vitamin D

62
Oil, soybean, salad or cooking

55
Snacks, vegetable chips, made from garden vegetables

53
Seeds, sesame seed kernels, dried (decorticated)

51
Snacks, corn-based, extruded, chips, plain

50
Shortening, vegetable, household, composite

48
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, tub, with salt, with added vitamin D

48
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, tub, with salt

45
Seeds, flaxseed

39
Salad dressing, mayonnaise, regular

34
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, 60% fat, stick, with salt

34
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, 60% fat, stick, with salt, with added vitamin D

32
Salad dressing, ranch dressing, commercial, regular

31
Margarine, margarine-type vegetable oil spread, 70% fat, soybean and partially hydrogenated

soybean, stick

29
Spices, poppy seed

28
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, 60% fat, stick/tub/bottle, with salt

24
Snacks, tortilla chips, plain, white corn

22
Margarine Spread, approximately 48% fat, tub

21
Seeds, sunflower seed butter, without salt


Campesterol
Campesterol Food Sources

21
Seeds, sunflower seed butter, with salt added

20
Mushrooms, shiitake, dried

20
Nuts, pine nuts, dried

20
Salad dressing, buttermilk, lite

19
Salad dressing, mayonnaise, light

15
Peanut butter, chunk style, without salt

15
Peanut butter, chunk style, with salt

13
Baking chocolate, unsweetened, squares

13
Cookies, chocolate sandwich, with extra creme filling

12
Chocolate, dark, 70-85% cacao solids

12
Chocolate, dark, 60-69% cacao solids

12
T.G.I. FRIDAY'S, French fries

11
DENNY'S, French fries

11
APPLEBEE'S, French fries

11
Candies, chocolate, dark, NFS (45-59% cacao solids 90%; 60-69% cacao solids 5%; 70-85% cacao

solids 5%)

11
Chocolate, dark, 45- 59% cacao solids

11
Restaurant, family style, French fries

10
Nuts, pistachio nuts, dry roasted, with salt added

10
Nuts, cashew nuts, oil roasted, without salt added

10
Nuts, macadamia nuts, dry roasted, with salt added

10
Nuts, pistachio nuts, dry roasted, without salt added

10
Nuts, macadamia nuts, dry roasted, without salt added

10
Nuts, cashew nuts, oil roasted, with salt added

10
Nuts, pistachio nuts, raw

9
Nuts, almonds, oil roasted, without salt added

9
Nuts, almonds, oil roasted, with salt added

8
Nuts, macadamia nuts, raw

7
Nuts, pecans, oil roasted, with salt added

7
Nuts, pecans, oil roasted, without salt added

7
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts


Campesterol
Campesterol Food Sources

7
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts, blanched

7
CRACKER BARREL, steak fries

7
Wocas, dried seeds, Oregon, Yellow pond lily, Nuphar lutea (OR) - CY0617B

6
Nuts, pecans

6
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts, dry roasted, without salt added

6
Nuts, almond butter, plain, without salt added

6
Lentils, pink, raw

6
Nuts, almond butter, plain, with salt added

6
Candies, milk chocolate

5
Avocados, raw, California

5
Nuts, walnuts, black, dried

5
Nuts, walnuts, english

5
Avocados, raw, all commercial varieties

5
Nuts, almonds

4
Mushrooms, shiitake, cooked, without salt

4
Nuts, almonds, dry roasted, without salt added

4
Mushrooms, shiitake, cooked, with salt

4
Nuts, almonds, blanched

4
Nuts, almonds, dry roasted, with salt added

4
Nuts, pecans, dry roasted, without salt added

4
Nuts, pecans, dry roasted, with salt added

4
Snacks, granola bar, QUAKER, DIPPS, all flavors

3
Seeds, pumpkin and squash seed kernels, roasted, with salt added

3
Potatoes, mashed, home-prepared, whole milk and margarine added

3
Mushrooms, shiitake, stir-fried

3
Mushrooms, morel, raw

3
Beans, fava, in pod, raw

3
Seeds, pumpkin and squash seed kernels, roasted, without salt

2
Mushrooms, brown, Italian, or Crimini, raw

2
Nuts, brazilnuts, dried, unblanched

2
Mushrooms, white, raw


Campesterol
Campesterol Food Sources

2
Mushrooms, shiitake, raw

2
Peppers, serrano, raw

2
Mushrooms, portabella, raw

2
Mushrooms, portabella, exposed to ultraviolet light, grilled

2
Mushrooms, portabella, exposed to ultraviolet light, raw

2
Mushrooms, maitake, raw

1
Mushrooms, oyster, raw

1
Pomegranates, raw

1
Pepper, banana, raw

1
Lemon grass (citronella), raw

1
Mushrooms, enoki, raw

1
Mushrooms, Chanterelle, raw

1
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, fat-free, tub

1
Stew, pinto bean and hominy, badufsuki (Hopi)

1
Snacks, granola bar, QUAKER, chewy, 90 Calorie Bar

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