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Beta-Sitosterol Content of Foods

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Food NameBeta-Sitosterol
Butter, salted4
Milk, reduced fat, fluid, 2% milkfat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, lowfat, fluid, 1% milkfat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, chocolate, fluid, commercial, reduced fat, with added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, chocolate beverage, hot cocoa, homemade0
Butter, without salt4
Milk, reduced fat, fluid, 2% milkfat, without added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, fluid, 1% fat, without added vitamin A and vitamin D0
Milk, chocolate, fluid, commercial, reduced fat, with added calcium0
Spices, poppy seed109
Babyfood, snack, GERBER GRADUATE YOGURT MELTS0
Babyfood, mashed cheddar potatoes and broccoli, toddlers0
Salad dressing, mayonnaise, regular102
Oil, soybean, salad or cooking172
12345678910

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  • Abbreviations: g = gram, mg = milligram, mcg = microgram, kcal = kilocalorie, kJ = kilojoule.





Beta-Sitosterol

β-Sitosterol is one of several phytosterols (plant sterols) with chemical structures similar to that of cholesterol. Sitosterols are white, waxy powders with a characteristic odor. They are hydrophobic and soluble in alcohols.

It is widely distributed in the plant kingdom and found in Nigella sativa, pecans, Serenoa repens (saw palmetto), avocados, Cucurbita pepo (pumpkin seed), Pygeum africanum, cashew fruit, rice bran, wheat germ, corn oils, soybeans, sea-buckthorn, wolfberries, and Wrightia tinctoria. It is also found in dandelion coffee.

Uses of Beta-Sitosterol

Alone and in combination with similar phytosterols, β-sitosterol reduces blood levels of cholesterol, and is sometimes used in treating hypercholesterolemia. β-Sitosterol inhibits cholesterol absorption in the intestine. When the sterol is absorbed in the intestine, it is transported by lipoproteins and incorporated into the cellular membrane. Phytosterols and phytostanols both inhibit the uptake of dietary and biliary cholesterol, and reduce the levels of LDL and total serum cholesterol. Because the structure of β-sitosterol is similar to that of cholesterol, β-sitosterol takes the place of dietary and biliary cholesterol in micelles produced in the intestinal lumen. This reduces cholesterol absorption in the body.

One small study shows a positive effect on male hair loss in combination with Saw palmetto.

In Europe, β-sitosterol is used in herbal therapy, especially for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).


Beta-Sitosterol Food Sources

Beta-sitosterol content is in mg per 100 grams of food weight:



Beta-Sitosterol
Beta-Sitosterol Food Sources

621
Oil, corn, industrial and retail, all purpose salad or cooking

426
Oil, vegetable, Natreon canola, high stability, non trans, high oleic (70%)

419
Oil, corn and canola

413
Oil, canola

275
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, stick, with salt

275
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, stick, with salt, with added vitamin D

275
Margarine, 80% fat, stick, includes regular and hydrogenated corn and soybean oils

242
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, approximately 37% fat, unspecified oils, with salt, with added

vitamin D

235
Oil, flaxseed, contains added sliced flaxseed

232
Seeds, sesame seed kernels, dried (decorticated)

210
Nuts, pistachio nuts, dry roasted, with salt added

210
Nuts, pistachio nuts, dry roasted, without salt added

206
Oil, flaxseed, cold pressed

198
Nuts, pistachio nuts, raw

172
Oil, soybean, salad or cooking

170
Seeds, sunflower seed butter, with salt added

170
Seeds, sunflower seed butter, without salt

148
Snacks, corn-based, extruded, chips, plain

145
Nuts, macadamia nuts, dry roasted, with salt added

145
Nuts, macadamia nuts, dry roasted, without salt added

138
Shortening, vegetable, household, composite

132
Nuts, pine nuts, dried

132
Nuts, almonds

131
Nuts, almond butter, plain, with salt added

131
Nuts, almond butter, plain, without salt added

119
Nuts, cashew nuts, oil roasted, with salt added

119
Nuts, cashew nuts, oil roasted, without salt added

118
Nuts, almonds, oil roasted, without salt added


Beta-Sitosterol
Beta-Sitosterol Food Sources

118
Nuts, almonds, dry roasted, without salt added

118
Nuts, almonds, dry roasted, with salt added

118
Nuts, almonds, oil roasted, with salt added

117
Nuts, pecans

114
Nuts, walnuts, black, dried

112
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, tub, with salt

112
Margarine, regular, 80% fat, composite, tub, with salt, with added vitamin D

109
Nuts, almonds, blanched

109
Spices, poppy seed

108
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts, blanched

108
Nuts, macadamia nuts, raw

103
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts, dry roasted, without salt added

102
Salad dressing, mayonnaise, regular

102
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts

96
Nuts, pecans, oil roasted, with salt added

96
Nuts, pecans, oil roasted, without salt added

95
Snacks, vegetable chips, made from garden vegetables

94
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, 60% fat, stick, with salt

94
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, 60% fat, stick, with salt, with added vitamin D

90
Seeds, flaxseed

87
Nuts, walnuts, english

86
Chocolate, dark, 70-85% cacao solids

85
Baking chocolate, unsweetened, squares

81
Margarine, margarine-type vegetable oil spread, 70% fat, soybean and partially hydrogenated

soybean, stick

79
Salad dressing, ranch dressing, commercial, regular

78
Nuts, pecans, dry roasted, without salt added

78
Nuts, pecans, dry roasted, with salt added

77
Peanut butter, chunk style, with salt

77
Peanut butter, chunk style, without salt

76
Avocados, raw, all commercial varieties


Beta-Sitosterol
Beta-Sitosterol Food Sources

76
Avocados, raw, California

75
Chocolate, dark, 60-69% cacao solids

74
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, 60% fat, stick/tub/bottle, with salt

67
Candies, chocolate, dark, NFS (45-59% cacao solids 90%; 60-69% cacao solids 5%; 70-85% cacao

solids 5%)

66
Nuts, brazilnuts, dried, unblanched

66
Chocolate, dark, 45- 59% cacao solids

62
Margarine Spread, approximately 48% fat, tub

61
Snacks, tortilla chips, plain, white corn

48
Salad dressing, mayonnaise, light

47
Lentils, pink, raw

38
Salad dressing, buttermilk, lite

37
Candies, milk chocolate

35
Wocas, dried seeds, Oregon, Yellow pond lily, Nuphar lutea (OR) - CY0617B

34
Cookies, chocolate sandwich, with extra creme filling

28
T.G.I. FRIDAY'S, French fries

27
DENNY'S, French fries

27
APPLEBEE'S, French fries

27
Restaurant, family style, French fries

20
Grape leaves, raw

19
CRACKER BARREL, steak fries

18
Beans, fava, in pod, raw

13
Seeds, pumpkin and squash seed kernels, roasted, without salt

13
Seeds, pumpkin and squash seed kernels, roasted, with salt added

12
Potatoes, mashed, home-prepared, whole milk and margarine added

10
Wocas, tuber, cooked, Oregon, Yellow pond lily, Nuphar lutea, rhizome (OR) - CY0617C

7
Snacks, granola bar, QUAKER, chewy, 90 Calorie Bar

6
Snacks, granola bar, QUAKER, DIPPS, all flavors

4
Butter, salted

4
Lemon grass (citronella), raw

4
Butter, without salt


Beta-Sitosterol
Beta-Sitosterol Food Sources

4
Pomegranates, raw

4
Stew, pinto bean and hominy, badufsuki (Hopi)

3
Peppers, serrano, raw

3
Margarine-like spread, SMART BALANCE Omega Plus Spread (with plant sterols & fish oil)

2
Margarine-like, vegetable oil spread, fat-free, tub

2
Coriander (cilantro) leaves, raw

2
Pepper, banana, raw

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