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Vitamin B1 - Thiamine

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Food NameThiamine
Butter, salted0.005
Butter, whipped, with salt0.005
Butter oil, anhydrous0.001
Cheese, blue0.029
Cheese, brick0.014
Cheese, brie0.070
Cheese, camembert0.028
Cheese, caraway0.031
Cheese, cheddar0.027
Cheese, cheshire0.046
Cheese, colby0.015
Cheese, cottage, creamed, large or small curd0.027
Cheese, cottage, creamed, with fruit0.033
Cheese, cottage, nonfat, uncreamed, dry, large or small curd0.023
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Usage Note

  • Vitamin B1 or thiamine value is in mg and calculated per 100g of food weight.
  • Click on column header to sort foods by name or by thiamine content.

The B Vitamins

information from the National Institutes of Health

The B vitamins are

  • B1 (thiamine, also thiamin)
  • B2 (riboflavin)
  • B3 (niacin)
  • B5 (pantothenic acid)
  • B6
  • B7 (biotin)
  • B12
  • Folic acid

These vitamins help the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat. They also help form red blood cells. You can get B vitamins from proteins such as fish, poultry, meat, eggs, and dairy products. Leafy green vegetables, beans, and peas also have B vitamins. Many cereals and some breads have added B vitamins.

Not getting enough of certain B vitamins can cause diseases. A lack of B12 or B6 can cause anemia.

Our Online Databases for B Vitamins

Vitamin B1 or Thiamine

Thiamine is a vitamin, also called vitamin B1. Vitamin B1 is found in many foods including yeast, cereal grains, beans, nuts, and meat. It is often used in combination with other B vitamins, and found in many vitamin B complex products. Vitamin B complexes generally include vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin/niacinamide), vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), and folic acid. However, some products do not contain all of these ingredients and some may include others, such as biotin, para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), choline bitartrate, and inositol.

People take thiamine for conditions related to low levels of thiamine (thiamine deficiency syndromes), including beriberi and inflammation of the nerves outside the brain (peripheral neuritis) associated with pregnancy or with a vitamin-deficiency disease called pellagra.

Thiamine is also used for digestive problems including poor appetite, ulcerative colitis, and ongoing diarrhea.

Thiamine is also used for AIDS and boosting the immune system, diabetic pain, heart disease, alcoholism, aging, a type of brain damage called cerebellar syndrome, canker sores, vision problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, motion sickness, and improving athletic performance. Other uses include preventing cervical cancer and progression of kidney disease in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Some people use thiamine for maintaining a positive mental attitude; enhancing learning abilities; increasing energy; fighting stress; and preventing memory loss, including Alzheimer's disease.

Healthcare providers give thiamine shots for a memory disorder called Wernicke's encephalopathy syndrome, other thiamine deficiency syndromes in critically ill people, alcohol withdrawal, and coma.


What is Thiamine Effective for?

Based on scientific evidence, Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates the effectiveness of thiamine as follows:

  • Effective for...
    • Treatment and prevention of thiamine deficiency, including a specific disorder called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) that is related to low levels of thiamine (thiamine deficiency) and is often see in alcoholics. Between 30% and 80% of alcoholics are believed to have thiamine deficiency. Giving thiamine shots seems to help decrease the risk of developing WKS and decrease symptoms of WKS during alcohol withdrawal.
    • Correcting problems in people with certain types of genetic diseases including Leigh's disease, maple syrup urine disease, and others.
  • Possibly effective for...
    • Preventing kidney disease in people with type 2 diabetes. Developing research shows that taking high-dose thiamine (100 mg three times daily) for three months significantly decreases the amount of albumin in the urine in people with type 2 diabetes. Albumin in the urine is an indication of kidney damage.
    • Preventing cataracts.

Foods High in Thiamine / Vitamin B1

In general, the richest sources of thiamine are the fortified breakfast cereals. Excluding these items, the following foods have high content of thiamine.



Foods Rich in Thiamine (excluding fortified breakfast cereals) Thiamin (mg)

Yeast extract spread 23.4

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Spicy Black Bean Burger, frozen, unprepared 13.6

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Garden Veggie Patties, frozen, unprepared 11.2

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Veggie Breakfast Sausage Patties, frozen, unprepared 11.0

Leavening agents, yeast, baker's, active dry 11.0

WORTHINGTON Stripples, frozen, unprepared 10.1

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Veggie Breakfast Bacon Strips, frozen, unprepared 10.1

Formulated bar, POWER BAR, chocolate 8.1

Soup, cream of vegetable, dry, powder 5.2

Bacon, meatless 4.4

Malted drink mix, natural, with added nutrients, powder 4.2

WORTHINGTON Prosage Links, frozen, unprepared 4.0

Luncheon slices, meatless 4.0

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Honey Nut Oat Bar 3.4

WORTHINGTON Meatless Corned Beef Roll, frozen, unprepared 3.3

WORTHINGTON Smoked Turkey Roll, frozen, unprepared 3.3

WORTHINGTON Wham (roll), frozen, unprepared 3.3

Seeds, sunflower seed flour, partially defatted 3.2

Malted drink mix, chocolate, with added nutrients, powder 3.1

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Energy Bar, all flavors 2.9

WORTHINGTON FriPats, frozen, unprepared 2.8

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Grillers Original, frozen, unprepared 2.8

Rice bran, crude 2.8

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS MARATHON MULTIGRAIN CRUNCH BAR 2.7

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS Marathon Chewy Chocolate Peanut Bar 2.7

Seeds, sesame flour, high-fat 2.7

Veggie burgers or soyburgers, unprepared 2.7

Soy protein isolate, PROTEIN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, ProPlus 2.6

Seeds, sesame meal, partially defatted 2.6


Foods Rich in Thiamine (excluding fortified breakfast cereals) Thiamin (mg)

Seeds, sesame flour, partially defatted 2.5

Seeds, sesame flour, low-fat 2.5

Seaweed, spirulina, dried 2.4

Sausage, meatless 2.3

Seeds, cottonseed meal, partially defatted (glandless) 2.2

Seeds, cottonseed flour, partially defatted (glandless) 2.1

WORTHINGTON Dinner Roast, frozen, unprepared 2.1

Seeds, cottonseed flour, low fat (glandless) 2.1

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Veggie Breakfast Sausage Links, frozen, unprepared 1.9

Wheat germ, crude 1.9

Leavening agents, yeast, baker's, compressed 1.9

Formulated bar, MARS SNACKFOOD US, SNICKERS MARATHON Protein Performance Bar, Caramel Nut 1.9

Rush

WORTHINGTON Stakelets, frozen, unprepared 1.7

Formulated bar, SLIM-FAST OPTIMA meal bar, milk chocolate peanut 1.7

Seeds, flaxseed 1.6

Seeds, sesame butter, tahini, type of kernels unspecified 1.6

Seeds, sesame butter, tahini, from unroasted kernels (non-chemically removed seed coat) 1.6

Babyfood, apple yogurt dessert, strained 1.6

Soup, ramen noodle, beef flavor, dry 1.5

Beverage, instant breakfast powder, chocolate, sugar-free, not reconstituted 1.5

Seeds, sunflower seed kernels, dried 1.5

Corn flour, masa, enriched, white 1.5

Corn flour, masa, enriched, yellow 1.5

Salad dressing, thousand island, commercial, regular 1.4

Babyfood, baked product, finger snacks cereal 1.4

Snacks, crisped rice bar, almond 1.3

Cereals ready-to-eat, frosted oat cereal with marshmallows 1.3

LOMA LINDA Swiss Stake with Gravy, canned, unprepared 1.3

Babyfood, rice and apples, dry 1.3

Cereals ready-to-eat, Marshmallow ALPHA-BITS 1.3


Foods Rich in Thiamine (excluding fortified breakfast cereals) Thiamin (mg)

Seeds, sesame butter, tahini, from raw and stone ground kernels 1.3

Hibiscus tea 1.3

Chicken, meatless, breaded, fried 1.3

Snacks, KELLOGG, KELLOGG'S RICE KRISPIES TREATS Squares 1.3

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Sausage Style Recipe Crumbles, frozen, unprepared 1.3

Spices, coriander leaf, dried 1.3

Cereals ready-to-eat, POST, HONEY BUNCHES OF OATS, honey roasted 1.3

Nuts, pine nuts, pinyon, dried 1.2

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Grillers Burger Style Recipe Crumbles, frozen, unprepared 1.2

Seeds, sesame butter, tahini, from roasted and toasted kernels (most common type) 1.2

Seeds, sesame seed kernels, toasted, with salt added (decorticated) 1.2

Seeds, sesame seed kernels, toasted, without salt added (decorticated) 1.2

WORTHINGTON Prosage Roll, frozen, unprepared 1.2

Peppers, sweet, red, freeze-dried 1.2

WORTHINGTON Saucettes, canned, unprepared 1.2

Peppers, sweet, green, freeze-dried 1.2

Nuts, macadamia nuts, raw 1.2

Macaroni, protein-fortified, dry, enriched, (n x 6.25) 1.2

Macaroni, protein-fortified, dry, enriched, (n x 5.70) 1.2

Spaghetti, protein-fortified, dry, enriched (n x 5.70) 1.2

Spaghetti, protein-fortified, dry, enriched (n x 6.25) 1.2

Oat bran, raw 1.2

Cereals ready-to-eat, POST, Honey Bunches of Oats, with almonds 1.2

Seeds, safflower seed kernels, dried 1.2

Seeds, safflower seed meal, partially defatted 1.2

MORNINGSTAR FARMS Grillers Quarter Pound Veggie Burger, frozen, unprepared 1.2

Noodles, egg, dry, enriched 1.1

Hyacinth beans, mature seeds, raw 1.1

Pork, fresh, shoulder, blade, boston (roasts), separable lean only, cooked, roasted 1.1

Fish sticks, meatless 1.1

Vegetarian fillets 1.1


Foods Rich in Thiamine (excluding fortified breakfast cereals) Thiamin (mg)

Noodles, egg, spinach, dry, enriched 1.1

Soy flour, low-fat 1.1

Soy flour, defatted, crude protein basis (N x 6.25) 1.1

Crackers, cheese, reduced fat 1.1

Snacks, potato chips, fat free, salted 1.1

Cereals ready-to-eat, WEETABIX WHOLE WHEAT CEREAL 1.1

Parsley, freeze-dried 1.0

Macaroni and cheese dinner with dry sauce mix, boxed, uncooked 1.0

Pork, cured, ham, extra lean (approximately 4% fat), canned, roasted 1.0

Macaroni, vegetable, dry, enriched 1.0


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